The Journey of ‘Koh-i-Noor’ From India To The Queen’s Crown

Swechchha
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Kohinoor, one of the most famous diamonds in the world, which once belonged to India, has travelled a lot, and has a long story to tell. It began its journey from a small mine in India and ended up in the crown of the queen of England, as one among the many diamonds set in the crown. It belonged to many Indian and Persian rulers before finally bidding goodbye to the country it belonged to.

Here is an account of the unfortunate journey of the ever so mysterious diamond, Koh-i-Noor.

1. The Koh-i-noor was originally 793 carats when completely uncut.

2. It is presently just 105.6 carats after most recently cut.

3. It was once the largest known diamond, sadly now it’s not.

4. It is believed that Kohinoor can only be worn by God or a woman with impunity. It’s said to be cursed for men.

kohinoor_11Source

5. The name Koh-i-noor literally translates to ‘Mountain of light’.

6. The original name of Kohinoor was ‘Samantik Mani’, literally translating to ‘King of Diamonds’.

7. It was mined at Kollur mines in the present Guntur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

original kohinoor compressedSource

8. Its original owner was Kakatiya dynasty from southern India, which had installed it as the eye of a Hindu goddess in a temple.

9. After Kakatiya dynasty was invaded by the Mughals, koh-i-noor went to Babur, Humayun, Akbar and so on.

10. It was first cut by Hortenso Borgia, a Venetian lapidary, by the order of Aurangzeb.

11. Sadly enough, Hortenso was so clumsy he reduced the diamond’s weight from 793 to 186 carats.

kohinoor again compressedSource

12. When Persian ruler Nadir Shah invaded Agra and Delhi, the diamond went to him.

13. The diamond got its present name when Nadir Shah exclaimed in happiness “Koh-i-noor!”

14. Koh-i-noor went to the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore who made Shujāh Shāh Durrānī surrender it.

15. When Maharaja Ranjit Singh died his will was not executed and the british seized the Koh-i-noor stating in the Treaty of Lahore: The gem called the Koh-i-Noor which was surrendered by Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk to Maharajah Ranjit Singh and then surrendered by the Maharajah of Lahore to the Queen of England.

kohinoor queenSource

16. Lord Dalhousie, whose work in India was primarily aimed at expropriating Indian assets for the British East India Company, was the Governor-General in charge of the ratification for this treaty.

17. Dalhousie arranged for the surrender of the diamond by Maharaja Ranjīt Singh’s young successor, Dulīp Singh (aged 13), to Queen Victoria in 1850. Dulīp Singh travelled to the United Kingdom to hand the diamond to the queen.

18. The first queen to wear it in her crown was Queen Victoria, that’s when the diamond was set into her crown and that’s when it was cut for the second time.

India has claimed the Koh-i-noor stating the fact that it was illegally taken away. During his visit to India in February 2013, UK’s PM David Cameron refused the claim stating it was illogical to return the diamond now.

Fact Source

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